- ICOR (Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union)
- Date Created:
- ICOR (the acronym of the Yiddish translation of Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union) was an American-based organization advocating and financially supporting Jewish colonization in Eastern Russia. The area known as Biro-Bidjan was to be a haven for eastern European Jews fleeing persecution, and an alternative to a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Stalin declared that Biro-Bidjan, a cold and thoroughly inhospitable territory far from roads and other infrastructure, was the solution to Russia's "Jewish Problem." Approximately a decade and a half after the initial colonizing push in the mid-1920s, Biro-Bidjan ceased to exist as a functioning political entity. Many of the original settlers left or died; of those that remained, most disappeared into Stalin's gulags. Minnesota support for the colonies was intermittent, and came primarily from leftist working class Jews.
- Contributing Institution:
- University of Minnesota Libraries, Nathan and Theresa Berman Upper Midwest Jewish Archives